The Importance of the Breeders Nutrition

Breeders Nutrition: The fundamental principles


The Breeding process begins with a practical character test by which dogs are evaluated by their physical beauty and current state of health. Unfortunately, nutrition is often overlooked and too much emphasis is placed upon the genetics of the parents. Providing proper nutrition for both the male and female is vital, as it will affect the vitality, health, and growth of their puppies.

Nutrition plays a fundamental role in the physical and psychological health of the parents, which has a sharp influence on the general state of the puppies.

The fundamental principles for correct nutrition are:

• A presence of the Omega3 essential fatty acids in high quantity (between one and three per one hundred). These fatty acids can be naturally attained from fish and fish oil.

• An Omega3 and Omega6 ratio between 1:1 and 1:4.

• The utilization of food sources without chemical and / or medical residues, which are particularly toxic.
Avoid proteins coming from intensive farming and carbohydrates that are genetically modified or contain gluten.
Instead, use clean proteins such as fish from the sea or deer, boar, lamb, or horse meat that does not come from intensive farming. Look for unpolluted polyunsaturated fats.

Breeders will too often buy low priced pet food to restrain the cost of breeding management. They are not always able to find a product with a good ratio between quality and price. By using low quality products, they risk an onset of disorders related to improper nutrition. Often this is caused by an excess or insufficiency of essential elements (fatty acids polyunsaturated Omega3 and Omega6) but also from the contained toxic substances. Such substances are increasingly present in various kinds of food.

They frequently cause disorders that are misattributed to food allergies.
In addition to food allergies, an intolerance is a body’s negative reaction to one or more ingredient.

These can give different symptoms and inflame different organs (ear, skin, gastrointestinal, eye, urinary).
Hair lacking shine, reddened persistent itching, dandruff, odorous skin, paw licking, otitis mono and bi-lateral, vomiting and fasting, continuous chronic diarrhea, and excessive tearing are the most obvious symptoms to be found by the parents.

Many dogs and cats show a high level of intolerance to the presence of residue in meat coming from intensive farming and wheat gluten. The simple use of a protein source not coming from intensive farming (for example fish) and the use of corn as a source of glucose very often avoids such a reaction completely.

A breeder of show dogs looks for the following characteristics: healthy skin and hair, a correct physical conformation, a small quantity of feces, and a balanced physique. For a breeder of working dogs, it’s important to provide the dog with a product that has a high metabolizable energy and works towards developing the right muscles and bones, as well as promotes the learning and receptivity of the dogs.

The right nutrition contributes to the best physical and physiological aspects and guarantees the health of the dogs performance and facilitates the long term management of breeding.

Nutrition for Breeders

It is fundamentally important for breeders to provide proper nutrition, especially for the females.

The best pet foods are those containing proteins with a high biological value, are easily digestible, and do not come from intensive farming. Instead, source your proteins of fish, deer, and lamb from natural settings and it will have a positive impact on fertility and libido.

A poor quality of nutrition and lowered digestibility have negative effects on breeding: hypo fertility in both males and females, absent or silent values, false pregnancies, fewer puppies, fetal resorption, neonatal mortality, birth defects, low milk production, and poor quality and quantity of colostrum.

The most frequent clinical signs of an unfit breeding subject is muscle atrophy and excessive reduction of subcutaneous fat content. As an effective control, it’s useful to use the BCS (Body Condition Score) to assess the body condition of subjects. A complete and balanced nutrition must be prioritized for optimum breeding results.

In the male, it’s advisable to use substances derived from nature that increase libido: Tribulus Terrestris, Lepidium Meyenii, Beta-Carotene, Vitamin E, Folic Acid, and Zinc. These are the most effective and have none of the collateral effects of synthetics.

Gastrointestinal disorders, such as nephritis, manifest in the form of diarrhea and frequent vomiting.
This can be due to the intake of food made from raw materials of poor quality. More frequently, the cause is the body’s reaction to the chemical and/or pharmacological residues contained inside.
Each individual has a specific capacity for absorbing these residues; beyond this capacity, inflammation occurs. The mechanism is simple, the inflammatory process acts as an incinerator that destroys the body’s toxic xenobiotic. Turning off the incinerator increases the accumulation of waste.
Similarly, “turning off” the inflammatory process pharmacologically causes a progressive accumulation of toxins and other undesirable substances. In fact, the only functional therapy for inflammation by way of food intolerance is eliminating the toxic waste, not “turning off” the inflammation.

The essential nutrients that fulfill the needs of the subjects are:

Proteins: an important substance effecting various biological systems including: organ and tissue cell regeneration, the functionality of the immune system, the production of enzymes and hormones, and serving as a source of energy. The quality of the protein is as important as the quantity, and to have the correct metabolism, all of the essential amino acids have to be present. Therefore, it’s necessary that the proteins have a high biological value. Examples of high quality protein sources are fish, lamb, deer, wild boar, and venison.

Fats: besides having the nutritional value of providing energy, fats also make food more palatable. The presence of essential fatty acids in the nutrition is important, such as linoleic acid and linolenic acid (Omega-6 and Omega-3) in the correct ratio; the ideal ratio interval for dogs ranges from 1: 1 to 1: 4. It’s particularly important to have a high percentage of Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the diet, as it helps to limit the inflammatory phenomenon, as well as affects the function of the cell receptors in cell membranes, the skin, the neural level, and the overall appearance. In nature, Omega3 is found in large quantities in fish. Also, linseed oil is a rich source of these fatty acids.

Fiber: are polysaccharides, important components of nutrition because of their functional and metabolic effects. It increases the sense of satiety, improves the function of the intestines, and helps to prevent associated disorders (for example constipation).

Carbohydrates: biochemical compounds that provide energy and are useful in the maintenance of metabolic processes for puppies or dogs of late pregnancy, breastfeeding, or high athleticism.

Vitamins: are non-synthesizable organic molecules from the body and therefore must be integrated through nutrition. There are fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) and water-soluble vitamins (C and B groups), which are all involved in the metabolic process.

Minerals: nutrients that must be present in the nutrition, since each element plays a precise function within the body. Minerals are involved in the bone composition of the skeletal system, muscular contraction of the muscular system, and has an important role in the nervous system.

Probiotics: useful compounds to increase and maintain the intestinal bacterial flora in dogs with gastrointestinal disorders from sudden changes in diet or as a result of prolonged drug use.