Nutrition for Breeders

It is fundamentally important for breeders to provide proper nutrition, especially for the females.

The best pet foods are those containing proteins with a high biological value, are easily digestible, and do not come from intensive farming. Instead, source your proteins of fish, deer, and lamb from natural settings and it will have a positive impact on fertility and libido.

A poor quality of nutrition and lowered digestibility have negative effects on breeding: hypo fertility in both males and females, absent or silent values, false pregnancies, fewer puppies, fetal resorption, neonatal mortality, birth defects, low milk production, and poor quality and quantity of colostrum.

The most frequent clinical signs of an unfit breeding subject is muscle atrophy and excessive reduction of subcutaneous fat content. As an effective control, it’s useful to use the BCS (Body Condition Score) to assess the body condition of subjects. A complete and balanced nutrition must be prioritized for optimum breeding results.

In the male, it’s advisable to use substances derived from nature that increase libido: Tribulus Terrestris, Lepidium Meyenii, Beta-Carotene, Vitamin E, Folic Acid, and Zinc. These are the most effective and have none of the collateral effects of synthetics.

Gastrointestinal disorders, such as nephritis, manifest in the form of diarrhea and frequent vomiting.
This can be due to the intake of food made from raw materials of poor quality. More frequently, the cause is the body’s reaction to the chemical and/or pharmacological residues contained inside.
Each individual has a specific capacity for absorbing these residues; beyond this capacity, inflammation occurs. The mechanism is simple, the inflammatory process acts as an incinerator that destroys the body’s toxic xenobiotic. Turning off the incinerator increases the accumulation of waste.
Similarly, “turning off” the inflammatory process pharmacologically causes a progressive accumulation of toxins and other undesirable substances. In fact, the only functional therapy for inflammation by way of food intolerance is eliminating the toxic waste, not “turning off” the inflammation.

The essential nutrients that fulfill the needs of the subjects are:

Proteins: an important substance effecting various biological systems including: organ and tissue cell regeneration, the functionality of the immune system, the production of enzymes and hormones, and serving as a source of energy. The quality of the protein is as important as the quantity, and to have the correct metabolism, all of the essential amino acids have to be present. Therefore, it’s necessary that the proteins have a high biological value. Examples of high quality protein sources are fish, lamb, deer, wild boar, and venison.

Fats: besides having the nutritional value of providing energy, fats also make food more palatable. The presence of essential fatty acids in the nutrition is important, such as linoleic acid and linolenic acid (Omega-6 and Omega-3) in the correct ratio; the ideal ratio interval for dogs ranges from 1: 1 to 1: 4. It’s particularly important to have a high percentage of Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the diet, as it helps to limit the inflammatory phenomenon, as well as affects the function of the cell receptors in cell membranes, the skin, the neural level, and the overall appearance. In nature, Omega3 is found in large quantities in fish. Also, linseed oil is a rich source of these fatty acids.

Fiber: are polysaccharides, important components of nutrition because of their functional and metabolic effects. It increases the sense of satiety, improves the function of the intestines, and helps to prevent associated disorders (for example constipation).

Carbohydrates: biochemical compounds that provide energy and are useful in the maintenance of metabolic processes for puppies or dogs of late pregnancy, breastfeeding, or high athleticism.

Vitamins: are non-synthesizable organic molecules from the body and therefore must be integrated through nutrition. There are fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E, K) and water-soluble vitamins (C and B groups), which are all involved in the metabolic process.

Minerals: nutrients that must be present in the nutrition, since each element plays a precise function within the body. Minerals are involved in the bone composition of the skeletal system, muscular contraction of the muscular system, and has an important role in the nervous system.

Probiotics: useful compounds to increase and maintain the intestinal bacterial flora in dogs with gastrointestinal disorders from sudden changes in diet or as a result of prolonged drug use.